Here are 3 word pairs that commonly used incorrectly (यहाँ 3 शब्द के जोड़े हैं जोकि आमतौर पर गलत तरीके से इस्तेमाल किये जाते हैं.)

1. Wedding vs. Marriage – these cannot be used interchangeably. A marriage is a long term relationship between two individuals. A wedding, on the other hand, is the ceremony of getting married.
Therefore, “You are invited to my wedding.” is correct and “You are invited to my marriage”. is incorrect usage.

“Their marriage was a disaster.” implies that the couple was not happy in their life together and are probably separated or divorced. On the other hand, “Their wedding was a disaster.“ implies that something happened during the wedding and that the ceremony did not go smoothly.

(1. Wedding vs. Marriage – इन शब्दों का मतलब बहुत भिन्न है, और इन्हें आपस में एक दुसरे के स्थान पर इस्तेमाल नहीं कर सकते. ‘Wedding’ मात्र शादी की रस्म या फंक्शन होती है. जबकि ‘Marriage’ दो लोगों के बीच के सालों तक चलने वाले वैवाहिक रिश्ते को दर्शाता है)
इसलिए, “You are invited to my wedding.” सही है और “You are invited to my marriage”. गलत उपयोग है।

“Their marriage was a disaster.” तात्पर्य है कि किसी का वैवाहिक जीवन ठीक नहीं रहा शायद वे अलग हो गए या तलाक ले लिया। दूसरी ओर, ‘Their wedding was a disaster.’ का अर्थ है कि शादी के फंक्शन में कुछ गड़बड़ी हो गयी)

2. Weather vs. climate: Climate is the average weather usually taken over a 30-year time period for a particular region and time period. Climate is not the same as weather, but rather, it is the average pattern of weather for a particular region. Weather describes the short-term state of the atmosphere.

For example: “The weather is great today” is correct but, “the climate is great today” is not correct.

(Weather = मौसम vs. Climate = जलवायु. Weather किसी एक दिन या छोटी अवधि के मौसम की बात करता है. Climate लम्बे समय तक किसी जगह के औसत (आम तौर पर रहने वाले) मौसम की बात करता है.)

उदाहरण के लिए: “The weather is great today” सही है, लेकिन, “the climate is great today” सही नहीं है।)

3. Hear vs. Listen: ‘Hearing’ is an event; it is something which happens to us as a natural process even if we are not trying to pay attention. ‘Listening’ is an action; it is something we do consciously. When we listen, we try to hear. We pay attention and try to understand every sound.

For example: i) I heard a knock at the door.
ii) I listened very carefully to what she said and wrote it all down.

(Hear vs. Listen: जब हमें कुछ सुनाई दे जाये, तो ‘hear’ इस्तेमाल होता है. ‘Hear’ करने के लिए यह ज़रूरी नहीं कि हम आवाज़ पर ध्यान दे रहे हों. ‘Listen’ तब इस्तेमाल होता है जब हम ध्यान देकर सुन रहे हों.

उदाहरण के लिए: i) I heard a knock at the door. = मैं दरवाजे पर एक दस्तक सुनी।
ii) I listened very carefully to what she said and wrote it all down. = उसने क्या कहा मैंने  बहुत ध्यान से सुना और सब लिख लिया)


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