Who: Pradhan Mantri Khanij Kshetra Kalyan Yojana (PMKKKY)
What: Launched by Union Government
When: 17 September 2015
To transform the lives of people living in the areas which are affected directly or indirectly by mining, the Union Government on 17 September 2015 launched the Pradhan Mantri Khanij Kshetra Kalyan Yojana (PMKKKY) .
The programme is meant for the welfare of areas and people affected by mining related operations, using the funds generated by the District Mineral Foundations (DMFs) .
DMFs were created under the Mines and Minerals (Development & Regulation) Amendment Act, 2015 in all the districts of the country affected by mining related operations.
The objective of PMKKKY
• To implement various developmental and welfare projects/programs in mining affected areas that complement the existing ongoing schemes/projects of State and Central Government
• To minimize/mitigate the adverse impacts, during and after mining, on the environment, health and socio-economics of people in mining districts
• To ensure long-term sustainable livelihoods for the affected people in mining areas by including all aspects of living, to ensure substantial improvement in the quality of life. The aspects include
a) High priority areas like drinking water supply, health care, sanitation, education, skill development, women and child care, welfare of aged and disabled people, skill development and environment conservation will get at least 60 % share of the funds.
b) For creating a supportive and conducive living environment, balance funds will be spent on making roads, bridges, railways, waterways projects, irrigation and alternative energy sources.
Role of DMFs in PMKKKY implementation
As per the Union Government notification on 17 September 2015, the role of DMFs would be implementing the mission through the funds generated from the contributions made by miners. In this regard, the notice said
a) in case of all mining leases executed before 12 January, 2015 (the date of coming into force of the Amendment Act) miners will have to contribute an amount equal to 30% of the royalty payable by them to the DMFs; and
b) where mining leases are granted after 12 January 2015, the rate of contribution would be 10% of the royalty payable.
For this purpose, the Union Government has issued a directive to the State Governments, under Section 20A of the MMDR Act, 1957, laying down the guidelines for implementation of PMKKKY and directing the States to incorporate the same in the rules framed by them for the DMFs.
The DMFs have also been directed to maintain the utmost transparency in their functioning and provide periodic reports on the various projects and schemes taken up by them.